Atlanta Journal

Articles from the Atlanta Journal about the Frank-Phagan Case will be posted here.



April 28, 1913: Coroner’s Jury Visits Scene of Murder and Adjourns without Rendering Verdict (Atlanta Journal)

April 28, 1913: J. M. Gantt Is Arrested on His Arrival in Marietta; He Visited Factory Saturday (Atlanta Journal)

April 28, 1913: Man Held for Girl’s Murder Avows He Was With Another When Witness Saw Him Last (Atlanta Journal)

April 28, 1913: Police Think Negro Watchman Can Clear Murder Mystery; Four Are Now Under Arrest (Atlanta Journal)

April 28, 1913: Strand of Hair in Machine on Second Floor May Be Clew Left by Mary Phagan (Atlanta Journal)

April 29, 1913: L. M. Frank, Factory Superintendent, Detained by Police: Detectives Building Case on Theory That Frank and Negro Can Clear Mystery (Atlanta Journal)

April 29, 1913: Three Handwriting Experts Say Negro Wrote the Two Notes Found by Body of Girl (Atlanta Journal)

April 30, 1913: Negro Watchman Tells Story of Finding Girl’s Body and Questions Fail to Shake Him (Atlanta Journal)

April 30, 1913: Reward of $1,000 Is Appropriated by City (Atlanta Journal)

April 30, 1913: Use of Dictaphone on Frank and Negro Is Denied by Police (Atlanta Journal)

May 1, 1913: Detectives Eliminate Evidence in Conflict with Theory That Phagan Girl Never Left Factory (Atlanta Journal)

May 1, 1913: Did Murderer Seek to Burn Slain Girl’s Body, And Did the Watchman Interrupt Him? (Atlanta Journal)

May 2, 1913: Solicitor Dorsey Is Making Independent Probe of Phagan Case (Atlanta Journal)

May 3, 1913: Detectives Confer with Coroner and Solicitor Dorsey (Atlanta Journal)

May 4, 1913: Girl in Red Dress May Furnish Clue to Phagan Mystery (Atlanta Journal)

May 5, 1913: Coroner’s Inquest Resumed 2:30 P.M.; Frank Will Testify (Atlanta Journal)

May 6, 1913: L. M. Frank’s Complete Story of Where He Was and What He Did on the Day of Mary Phagan Murder (Atlanta Journal)

May 6, 1913: Paul Bowen, Held in Houston, Known Here But Left Atlanta in October; Hasn’t Been Back (Atlanta Journal)

May 7, 1913: Two New Witnesses in Phagan Mystery to Testify Thursday (Atlanta Journal)

May 8, 1913: Mr. Frank’s Treatment of Girls Unimpeachable, Says Miss Hall/Miss Hattie Hall, Stenographer, Left Pencil Factor at Noon (Atlanta Journal)

May 8, 1913: Phagan Inquest in Session: Six Witnesses Are Examined Before Adjournment to 2:30 (Atlanta Journal)

May 9, 1913: Here Is Testimony of Witnesses Given at the Final Session of Coroner’s Jury in Phagan Case/Detective Scott’s Testimony as Given before Coroner’s Jury (Atlanta Journal)

May 9, 1913: Superintendent Frank Is Once More Put on Witness Stand (Atlanta Journal)

May 9, 1913: With Two Men Held in Tower, Mystery of Murder Deepens (Atlanta Journal)

May 10, 1913: Public Now Knows All Facts in Murder Case, Says Detectives (Atlanta Journal)

May 11, 1913: City Detectives’ Theory of Phagan Murder Outlined (Atlanta Journal)

May 12, 1913: Rumor That Frank Married in Brooklyn Not True, Says Eagle (Atlanta Journal)

May 13, 1913: Solicitor Dorsey Is Working New Theory in Phagan Mystery (Atlanta Journal)

May 14, 1913: New Theory Fails to Change Course of Murder Probe (Atlanta Journal)

May 15, 1913: No Phagan Trial Before the Last of June Declares Solicitor (Atlanta Journal)

May 16, 1913: Books and Papers in Phagan Case in Grand Jury’s Hands (Atlanta Journal)

May 17, 1913: Phagan Case Will Go to Grand Jury in Present Form (Atlanta Journal)

May 18, 1913: Phagan Theory Is Unchanged After Three Weeks’ Probe (Atlanta Journal)

May 19, 1913: Burns’ Investigator Outlines His Theory of Phagan Murder (Atlanta Journal)

May 20, 1913: Phagan Case Goes to Grand Jury in Present Form (Atlanta Journal)

May 21, 1913: Finger Print Expert Works with Dorsey to Solve Mystery (Atlanta Journal)

May 22, 1913: Phagan Case Will Go to Grand Jury at 10 A.M. Friday (Atlanta Journal)

May 23, 1913: Grand Jury Fails to End Its Probe of Phagan Murder (Atlanta Journal)

May 24, 1913: Leo M. Frank Is Indicted by Grand Jury for Mary Phagan’s Death; Negro, Newt Lee Held (Atlanta Journal)

May 24, 1913: Negro Sweeper Tells Officer Frank Asked Him to Write Some Notes Day Before Tragedy (Atlanta Journal)

May 25, 1913: Chief Lanford Calls Felder’s Charges False (Atlanta Journal)

May 25, 1913: “Felder Is the Mouthpiece of the Vice Gang,” Declares Chief of Police Jas. L. Beavers (Atlanta Journal)

May 25, 1913: “Lanford Is the Controlling Genius of Conspiracy to Protect the Murderer of Little Mary Phagan” (Atlanta Journal)

May 25, 1913: State Didn’t Show Its Case to Secure Indictment Against Superintendent Leo M. Frank (Atlanta Journal)

May 26, 1913: Chief Beavers Will Ask Grand Jury Investigation: Through Probe of Charges Against Felder and Latter’s Charges Against Police Asked (Atlanta Journal)

May 26, 1913: “I Have No Proof of Bribery in Phagan Case,” Says Chief (Atlanta Journal)

May 27, 1913: Colonel Felder Ridicules Idea of Grand Jury Investigation of City Detectives’ Charges (Atlanta Journal)

May 28, 1913: Conley Tells in Detail of Writing Notes on Saturday at Dictation of Mr. Frank (Atlanta Journal)

May 30, 1913: Conley, Taken to Factory, Shows Where Girl Was Found — How They Put Body In Basement: Gruesome Part Played by Him Illustrated (Atlanta Journal)

May 30, 1913: Conley’s Confession Is Given in Full (Atlanta Journal)

May 31, 1913: Conley Goes Over His Story With Solicitor Dorsey (Atlanta Journal)

May 31, 1913: Grand Jury Called to Meet Tuesday in Special Session (Atlanta Journal)

June 1, 1913: Conley’s Statement Analyzed from Two Different Angles (Atlanta Journal)

June 1, 1913: Lanford Tells Why Conley Was Placed in Police Station (Atlanta Journal)

June 2, 1913: Frank’s Defense Is Outlined: Mary Phagan Met Death on First Floor, Is Claim (Atlanta Journal)

June 2, 1913: Negro Girl Is Arrested in Phagan Murder Case (Atlanta Journal)

June 3, 1913: Attorney Retained for Negro Servant at Frank’s Home (Atlanta Journal)

June 4, 1913: Felder Exonerates Beavers, But Says Lanford Is Corrupt (Atlanta Journal)

June 4, 1913: Sensational Affidavit Made by Minola M’Knight, Negro Cook at Home of L. M. Frank (Atlanta Journal)

June 5, 1913: “My Husband Is Innocent,” Declares Mrs. Leo M. Frank in First Public Statement (Atlanta Journal)

June 5, 1913: Negro’s Affidavit Not Given Much Credence (Atlanta Journal)

June 6, 1913: Conley Sticks to His Story, Declares Detective Chief (Atlanta Journal)

June 7, 1913: Mrs. Frank Scores Solicitor: “Torture Chamber” Methods Charged in Getting Evidence (Atlanta Journal)

June 8, 1913: “Liar and Grafter,” Say Coylar and Lanford in Answer to T. B. Felder (Atlanta Journal)

June 8, 1913: Solicitor Makes No Reply to Mrs. Frank (Atlanta Journal)

June 9, 1913: Defense to Make Next Move in Phagan Case (Atlanta Journal)

June 10, 1913: Luther Z. Rosser, Attorney for Frank, Trains His Guns on City Detective Chief: Says Lanford Is Not Seeking for Truth of Murder (Atlanta Journal)

June 11, 1913: Conley’s Status in the Phagan Case May Be Changed Wednesday (Atlanta Journal)

June 12, 1913: Court’s Order May Result in Meeting of Negro and Frank (Atlanta Journal)

June 13, 1913: Luther Z. Rosser Declares Detectives Dare Not Permit Jim Conley to Talk Freely (Atlanta Journal)

June 13, 1913: Conley Is Prisoner of City Detectives, Not State, Now (Atlanta Journal)

June 14, 1913: Solicitor H. M. Dorsey Leaves for New York (Atlanta Journal)

June 15, 1913: Frank A. Hooper to Aid State in Frank Trial (Atlanta Journal)

June 16, 1913: Hooper Wants a Rest for Public from Case (Atlanta Journal)

June 17, 1913: Guessers See a Mystery in Dorsey-Hooper Trips (Atlanta Journal)

June 18, 1913: Will Reuben R. Arnold Aid Frank’s Defense? (Atlanta Journal)

June 19, 1913: Hooper Returns and Takes up Phagan Case (Atlanta Journal)

June 20, 1913: Frank Case May Not Be Tried June 30 (Atlanta Journal)

June 21, 1913: Date of Frank Trial Still in Much Doubt (Atlanta Journal)

June 22, 1913: Arnold Declares Frank Innocent and Enters Case (Atlanta Journal)

June 23, 1913: Solicitor Will Fix Frank Trial for June 30, He Says (Atlanta Journal)

June 24, 1913: July 28 Is Date Agreed Upon for Trial of Frank (Atlanta Journal)

June 25, 1913: Both Sides Are Ready for Trial of Frank (Atlanta Journal)

June 26, 1913: Call of Cool Sea Breezes and Promise of Judge to His Wife (Atlanta Journal)

July 1, 1913: Facts Do Not Indicate Indictment of Conley (Atlanta Journal)

July 4, 1913: Lee’s Lawyer Expects Delay in Frank Case (Atlanta Journal)

July 5, 1913: Fight for Newt Lee’s Freedom Is Delayed (Atlanta Journal)

July 8, 1913: Newt Lee’s Attorneys Seeking His Freedom (Atlanta Journal)

July 9, 1913: Mary Phagan Pay Envelope Found: Mystery’s Lost Link Is Found Near Where Conley Says He Sat (Atlanta Journal)

July 10, 1913: No Finger Prints Found by Experts on Phagan Envelope (Atlanta Journal)

July 11, 1913: Agent Claims Conley Confessed to Murder (Atlanta Journal)

July 12, 1913: Conley Again Quizzed by Prosecutor Dorsey (Atlanta Journal)

July 12, 1913: More Affidavits to Support Mincey’s Claim (Atlanta Journal)

July 15, 1913: Mincey Affidavit Not New to the Solicitor (Atlanta Journal)

July 16, 1913: Second Phagan Indictment Probable: Conley Negro May Be Indicted over Dorsey’s Protest (Atlanta Journal)

July 17, 1913: Effort Being Made to Indict Negro Conley (Atlanta Journal)

July 18, 1913: Grand Jury Called to Take up Matter over Dorsey’s Head (Atlanta Journal)

July 18, 1913: Pinkertons Now Declare Leo M. Frank Is Innocent: Grand Jury Is Called Monday to Indict Jim Conley: Noted Sleuths Who Had Accused Frank Now Change Theory (Atlanta Journal)

July 19, 1913: Jury Is Determined to Consider a Bill Against Jim Conley (Atlanta Journal)

July 20, 1913: Dorsey Is Seeking to Be Grand Jury and Solicitor Too, Says Frank’s Counsel; Solicitor Scored for His Attitude in Conley’s Case (Atlanta Journal)

July 21, 1913: Will Not Indict Jim Conley Now, Jury’s Decision (Atlanta Journal)

July 22, 1913: Was Mary Phagan Killed With Bludgeon?: Bloody Stick Now in Possession of Frank’s Attorneys (Atlanta Journal)

July 23, 1913: Fight Expected Over Effort to Defer Frank Case (Atlanta Journal)

July 24, 1913: Frank’s Trial May Be Postponed until Early in the Fall (Atlanta Journal)

July 25, 1913: Frank Will Likely Face Trial Monday for Phagan Crime (Atlanta Journal)

July 26, 1913: Leo Frank Expects Acquittal and Asks an Immediate Trial (Atlanta Journal)

July 27, 1913: Chronological Story of Developments in the Mary Phagan Murder Mystery (Atlanta Journal)

July 27, 1913: Leo M. Frank Will Go to Trial Monday, It Is Now Believed (Atlanta Journal)

July 27, 1913: State Will Build Case Against Frank Around Conley Story; Defense Will Undertake to Show That Negro Alone Is Guilty (Atlanta Journal)

July 28, 1913: Court Scenes at Frank Trial: How It Looks Inside and Out (Atlanta Journal)

July 28, 1913: State Opens Its Case Against Leo Frank (Atlanta Journal)

July 29, 1913: After Rosser’s Fierce Grilling All Negro, Newt Lee, Asked for Was Chew of “‘Bacca — Any Kind” (Atlanta Journal)

July 29, 1913: Frank Trial Will Last One Week and Probably Two, Attorneys Say (Atlanta Journal)

July 29, 1913: Lawyers Hammer Lee for Two Hours at Monday Afternoon Session (Atlanta Journal)

July 29, 1913: Mother’s Sorrow and Newsie’s Wit Play on Emotions at Frank Trial (Atlanta Journal)

July 29, 1913: Questions Directed at Negro Indicated an Effort to Throw Suspicion on Watchman (Atlanta Journal)

July 30, 1913: Defense to Claim Strands of Hair Found Were Not Mary Phagan’s: Grace Hix Testifies That Girls Frequently Combed Their Hair Over Machines (Atlanta Journal)

July 30, 1913: Trial Thus Far Has Only Established Murder of the Girl (Atlanta Journal)

July 31, 1913: Machinist Tells of Finding Blood, Hair and Pay Envelope on Second Floor, Where State Claims Girl Was Murdered: Blood Spots and Hair Found on Day Following Discovery Crime Had Been Committed (Atlanta Journal)

July 31, 1913: Rosser Riddles One of the State’s Chief Witnesses (Atlanta Journal)

July 31, 1913: Witnesses of Frank Trial Have Tedious Job of Merely Waiting (Atlanta Journal)

August 1, 1913: Lawyers Battle Over Testimony of Frank’s Nervousness; Witness Swears Negro Was in Factory about 1 O’clock  (Atlanta Journal)

August 1, 1913: Watchman Swears Elevator Was Open; Changes Evidence (Atlanta Journal)

August 2, 1913: Defense Claims Members of Jury Saw Newspaper Headline; Dr. J. W. Hurt, Coroner’s Physician, Gives Expert Testimony (Atlanta Journal)

August 2, 1913: Dr. Harris Collapses on Stand as He Gives Sensational Evidence (Atlanta Journal)

August 3, 1913: Conley’s Glibness May Prove Unfortunate for His Testimony (Atlanta Journal)

August 3, 1913: Defense Will Introduce Many Witnesses; Frank Trial Will Run into Third Week; Defense Will Begin Testimony Wednesday (Atlanta Journal)

August 3, 1913: State’s Case Against Frank as It Stands After Week’s Testimony Is Shown Here (Atlanta Journal)

August 4, 1913: Jim Conley Tells an Amazing Story; Many New and Sensational Features Added to Tale as Originally Given to Police (Atlanta Journal)

August 4, 1913: Many Discrepancies Between Conley’s Testimony and His Testimony Given to Detectives (Atlanta Journal)

August 5, 1913: Defense Moves to Strike Most Damaging Testimony (Atlanta Journal)

August 5, 1913: Lawyers on Both Sides Satisfied with Conley (Atlanta Journal)

August 5, 1913: Negro Sweeper Remanded to Solitude in Jail Over Night (Atlanta Journal)

August 6, 1913: Judge Roan Reverses Decision on Conley Testimony: Conley’s Whole Testimony Will Be Allowed to Stay in Record of Frank Case (Atlanta Journal)

August 6, 1913: Judge Roan Rules Out Most Damaging Testimony Given by Conley Against Frank (Atlanta Journal)

August 7, 1913: Dr. Harris’ Testimony Is Attacked by Defense Expert: State Finishes Testimony and Dr. Leroy Childs Begins Expert Evidence for Defense (Atlanta Journal)

August 7, 1913: Judge Roan Decides Conley’s Testimony Must Stand (Atlanta Journal)

August 8, 1913: Defense Attacks State’s Case from Many Angles; Motorman and Conductor Say Newsboy Epps Was Not on Car That Brought Mary to City (Atlanta Journal)

August 8, 1913: Defense Begins Introduction of Evidence (Atlanta Journal)

August 9, 1913: Schiff Refutes Jim Conley and Dalton: Witness in Midst of Dorsey’s Grilling When Court Adjourns until Nine O’clock Monday (Atlanta Journal)

August 9, 1913: State Confronts Watchman Holloway with Previous Affidavit (Atlanta Journal)

August 10, 1913: Conley’s Story Is Still Center of Fight in Frank Case (Atlanta Journal)

August 10, 1913: Witness Found Who Saw Phagan on Way to Factory (Atlanta Journal)

August 11, 1913: Many Experts Called by Defense to Answer Dr. H. F. Harris: Dr. George Bachman Gives Testimony to Show Harris Simply Hazarded a Guess (Atlanta Journal)

August 12, 1913: C. B. Dalton’s Character Shown up by Frank’s Defense; Four Witnesses Swear They Would Not Believe His Oath: Dalton Admits He Served a Chaingang Sentence for Theft of a “Shop Hammer” (Atlanta Journal)

August 12, 1913: Ethics of Dr. H. F. Harris Bitterly Attacked by Reuben Arnold (Atlanta Journal)

August 13, 1913: Frank’s Character Made Issue by the Defense (Atlanta Journal)

August 13, 1913: Frank’s Lawyers Again Threaten Move for Mistrial (Atlanta Journal)

August 14, 1913: Court Stirred by Outburst from Leo Frank’s Mother (Atlanta Journal)

August 14, 1913:  Frank’s Story of Before and After the Crime Corroborated; Defense’s Motion to Strike Sensational Questions Fails (Atlanta Journal)

August 15, 1913: All Georgia Records Broken by the Frank Trial (Atlanta Journal)

August 15, 1913: Leo M. Frank Ready to Tell His Own Story to Jury (Atlanta Journal)

August 16, 1913: Mrs. Rae Frank Takes Stand in Son’s Defense (Atlanta Journal)

August 16, 1913: Pencil Factory Model Is Damaged in Fight (Atlanta Journal)

August 16, 1913: Witness, Called by the Defense, Testifies Against Frank (Atlanta Journal)

August 17, 1913: Frank Should Know Fate Before the Week Passes Is Opinion of Attorneys (Atlanta Journal)

August 17, 1913: Summary of Frank Evidence at End of the Third Week (Atlanta Journal)

August 18, 1913: Dies Dreaming of Little Phagan Girl (Atlanta Journal)

August 18, 1913: Frank Takes Stand — Tells His Story (Atlanta Journal)

August 19, 1913: Attorney Swears That Witness Was Held Illegally (Atlanta Journal)

August 19, 1913: Here Is Frank’s Story Word for Word as Told to a Jury of His Peers (Atlanta Journal)

August 20, 1913: Testimony May Close Wednesday (Atlanta Journal)

August 20, 1913: Two Men Saw Mary Phagan on Way to Factory on April 26 (Atlanta Journal)

August 21, 1913: Arnold Charges Giant Frame-Up to Convict Frank: Not Enough Evidence to Warrant Trial, Asserts Attorney (Atlanta Journal)

August 21, 1913: Both Sides Concluded Their Cases Wednesday Afternoon (Atlanta Journal)

August 21, 1913: Hooper Says Conley’s Story Stood Test of Grilling (Atlanta Journal)

August 22, 1913: In Scathing Terms Rosser Scores Dalton, Dorsey, Police; Dorsey Will Conclude, Summing Up Case Against Frank (Atlanta Journal)

August 22, 1913: “Prejudice and Perjury Constitute the State’s Case” (Atlanta Journal)

August 23, 1913: Frank Trial Adjourned Until Monday Morning With Solicitor Hugh Dorsey in Midst of Impassioned Speech (Atlanta Journal)

August 23, 1913: Solicitor Dorsey Says Circumstantial Evidence Is the Best; Luther Rosser Says Last Word in Behalf of Leo M. Frank (Atlanta Journal)

August 24, 1913: Frank’s Fate Will Soon Be Known (Atlanta Journal)

August 24, 1913: High Lights of Dorsey’s Speech (Atlanta Journal)

August 24, 1913: How Frank Is Regarded by His Own and the State’s Attorneys (Atlanta Journal)

August 25, 1913: Judge Roan Charges Jury That They Are Sole Judges of Witnesses’ Credibility (Atlanta Journal)

August 25, 1913: Leo M. Frank’s Fate Is Now in Hands of the Jury; Motion for Mistrial Is Denied by Judge L. S. Roan (Atlanta Journal)

August 26, 1913: Frank Sentenced to Hang on October 10 (Atlanta Journal)

August 26, 1913: Frank Sentenced to Hang on October 10, But Fight for New Trial Will Stay the Execution for Many Months (Atlanta Journal)

August 26, 1913: Frank Trial Cost County of Fulton Nearly $6,000; Jurors Got Only $2 a Day (Atlanta Journal)

August 26, 1913: New Trial Motion for Leo M. Frank Set for October 4 (Atlanta Journal)

August 27, 1913: Frank Will Reply to Dorsey in Long Public Statement (Atlanta Journal)